News

The Biden administration’s proposals to increase transfer payments and expand federal benefits in many ways resemble the social safety net policies of Scandinavian countries. To fully follow the Scandinavian model would require additional taxes that place a higher burden on middle-income earners, but instead, Biden proposes higher taxes on corporations and households making more than
0 Comments
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) recently published a report on tax revenue statistics in selected Asian and Pacific countries. The report, covering 24 tax jurisdictions, provides tax revenue data from 1990 to 2019 and includes a section on nontax revenue data for selected Asian and Pacific economies. Additionally, a special feature co-authored by the
0 Comments
Initial data from a global survey on tax complexity shows that the overall level of tax complexity for multinational businesses has substantially increased between 2018 and 2020—much like it did between 2016 and 2018. These are the initial results from the third edition of the Tax Complexity Index—a project carried out jointly by researchers at
0 Comments
Under a territorial tax system, multinational businesses primarily pay taxes to the countries in which they are physically located and earn their income. This means that territorial tax regimes do not generally tax the income companies earn in foreign countries. A worldwide tax system, on the other hand—such as the system previously employed by the
0 Comments
The Biden administration has proposed to significantly increase the tax burden on foreign income through a policy known as Global Intangible Low-Tax Income (GILTI). While the administration’s rhetoric focuses on doubling the tax rate on GILTI from 10.5 percent to 21 percent, this is less than half the story. The rate on GILTI is going
0 Comments
The United Nations (UN) recently released its annual “World Investment Report,” which shows the dramatic fall in global foreign direct investment (FDI) caused by the COVID-19 crisis. A partial recovery is expected for 2021, with the most optimistic scenario showing a return to 2019 FDI levels by 2022. However, uncertainty remains high, with the ongoing
0 Comments
Table of Contents Key Findings All OECD countries with territorial tax systems have designed provisions that seek to prevent base erosion and profit shifting by multinational corporations. Designing a territorial tax system requires balancing competing goals: exempting foreign business activity from domestic taxation, protecting the domestic corporate tax base, and creating a simple system. A
0 Comments
In recent years, countries have been debating significant changes to international tax rules that apply to multinational companies. This week there was a breakthrough in discussions, and an outline for the new rules was released by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). If today’s global tax agreement is fully implemented, large U.S. companies
0 Comments
All countries covered in today’s map levy Value-Added Taxes (VAT). However, to reduce compliance and administrative costs, most countries have VAT exemption thresholds: If a business is below a certain annual revenue threshold, it is not required to participate in the VAT system. This means that small businesses—unlike businesses above that threshold—do not collect VAT
0 Comments
In 2020 and 2021, Congress enacted three rounds of economic impact payments (EIPs) for direct relief to households amidst the pandemic-induced downturn. Survey data from the U.S. Census Bureau indicates that households increasingly saved their EIPs or used them to pay down debt rather than spend them. About 90 percent of tax filers and millions
0 Comments
Loss carryover provisions allow businesses to either deduct current year losses against future profits (carryforwards) or current year losses against past profits (carrybacks). Many companies have investment projects with different risk profiles and operate in industries that fluctuate greatly with the business cycle. Carryover provisions help businesses “smooth” their risk and income, making the tax
0 Comments
Table of Contents Key Findings Net operating loss (NOL) deductions (carryforwards and carrybacks) help ensure that businesses are taxed on their average profitability, which makes the tax code more neutral across businesses and over time. Ideally, countries should allow their businesses to carry their losses forward and back without any limits. However, no OECD country
0 Comments