Executive Summary Overview Tax reform has been on Kentucky lawmakers’ minds for years, and while significant progress has been made recently, substantial work remains to be done. In 2018, the General Assembly made important strides in creating a more neutral, pro-growth tax structure even while generating a net increase in revenue. With its reduction in
Coming out of the pandemic, the state of Ohio is estimating significant tax revenue growth, and a group of Ohio lawmakers is looking to take advantage and repeal the Commercial Activity Tax (CAT). Ohio’s CAT, implemented in 2005 as part of tax reform that lowered and consolidated business taxes, is one of only a few
The current version of the reconciliation bill—the Build Back Better Act—attempts to walk a fine (politically imposed) line: raising hundreds of billions of dollars from higher corporate taxes without raising the corporate tax rate. The centerpiece of this effort is the book minimum tax, a new alternative minimum tax applied to the financial statement income
The Build Back Better Act (BBBA) would raise taxes to pay for social spending programs. But the design of some of the tax increases may end up hurting private pensions, among other problems. By relying on measures of income reported on company financial statements, i.e., book income, the proposed corporate alternative minimum tax and the
Norway’s new center-left government that took power on October 14 has set out its 2022 budget proposals, amending the 2022 budget proposal announced last month by the outgoing conservative government. The new budget comes with several tax cuts and a handful of tax hikes. While the new proposal cuts indirect taxes by $270 million it
Indonesia, the world’s second-largest cigarette market, has a uniquely complex system when it comes to taxing its tobacco consumption, which is almost exclusively cigarettes (98 percent). The country’s cigarette taxes are divided into no less than 10 rate tiers based on product type, volume, and price. These tiers are meant to protect smaller manufacturers and
On the heels of Halloween, leaders of the world’s 20 biggest economies endorsed a global minimum tax of 15 percent on large multinational corporations. The minimum tax, signed in Rome and announced by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), is intended to curb profit shifting and limit tax rate competition between governments. In
Spain’s lower chamber has given a green light to the 2022 budget proposal, which comes with a new minimum corporate tax rate of 15 percent for large companies with annual revenue over €20 million (US $23 million), while banks and energy firms must pay a minimum of 18 percent. The goal is to prevent companies
The 2022 Austrian budget proposal advances the tax reform plan agreed to by 2020’s coalition government formed by the Austrian People’s Party and the Greens. While Europe is registering record spikes in energy costs, Austria is pushing ahead with an agenda for carbon emissions reduction with a phased-in carbon levy. At the same time, the
The recent agreement on a global minimum tax and other changes to tax rules around the world have called into question the future of tax competition. It is difficult to anticipate how tax competition will ultimately be impacted by these changes, although I seriously doubt that the usefulness of Tax Foundation’s International Tax Competitiveness Index
The breakdown of supply chains both domestically and worldwide currently dominates headlines. One strong explanation of supply chain failures is the dramatic increase in federal spending throughout the pandemic—raising aggregate demand—combined with the COVID 19-era shift of consumption from services to physical goods. That, coupled with preexisting issues that limit the ability of our ports
One way employees can be compensated for their work, in addition to wages, salaries, and benefits, is through awards of company stock. The tax treatment of stock-based compensation has received attention for contributing to the gap between corporate taxable income and book income reported on financial statements, which President Biden has proposed targeting with a
The 2021 version of the International Tax Competitiveness Index is the eighth edition of that report. Over the years, many different researchers at the Tax Foundation have worked on the report, several new members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have been added, and various methodological changes have taken place. One thing
Note: Each year we review and improve the methodology of the Index. For that reason, prior editions are not comparable to the results in this 2020 edition. All data and methodological notes are accessible in our GitHub repository. Below is a preview of the 2021 Index. To access the full report, click the download button above.
Note: The following is the testimony of Daniel Bunn, Tax Foundation Vice President of Global Projects, prepared for a EU Parliament Subcommittee on Tax Matters hearing on October 11, 2021, regarding the impact of national tax reforms on the EU economy. Thank you for the opportunity to testify today. My name is Daniel Bunn, and I am Vice President
To shed light on the Spanish tax system, the Tax Foundation and the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty produced the Spanish Regional Tax Competitiveness Index (RTCI). The Index compares the 19 Spanish regions on five major areas of taxation: individual income tax, wealth tax, inheritance tax, transfer taxes and stamp duties, and other regional
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Last week, The New York Times reported that in opposing corporate or individual income tax increases, Senator Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ) has pushed other Senate Democrats, such as Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR), to consider a carbon tax to finance some of the infrastructure package. A carbon tax would be a less economically harmful pay-for than either
Over the course of the last year, it has become clear that Democratic lawmakers want to change U.S. international tax rules. However, as proposals have surfaced in recent weeks, there are clear divides among various proposals. While President Biden has led a renewed effort on global negotiations over minimum taxation, his own proposals for U.S.
Corporate income tax rates have been declining around the world for the last two decades. Today’s map shows the most recent changes in corporate tax rates in European OECD countries, comparing how combined statutory corporate income tax rates have changed between 2018 and 2021. The average tax rate of all European countries covered has declined